It is possible to leave a better future for children by protecting tens of trees and saving liters of oil. So what is recycling, and how is it done? Thanks to recycling, it is possible to provide many benefits, from protecting trees to saving liters of oil. Every citizen must almost raise awareness not to harm nature and not turn nature into a place full of garbage and waste. There may be as much as we know about this subject and what we have not learned yet. It is expected that everyone who wants to leave a better, cleaner, and better future for children, particularly, learn the terminology of recycling and contribute to this. So, without wasting time, let's take a look at what recycling is, how it is done and why it is so important!
What is Recycling? One of the most superficial answers to this question is: Reprocessing used materials and meeting them with the consumer again. For example, you may have seen that a paper straw is placed next to you while serving drinks in some places you go. These are created by reprocessing used and unusable paper. It is known that plastic straws are thrown into the oceans also harm living things in the seas, and plastics do not disappear in nature for many years.
On the other hand, paper straws are one of the essential parts of today's recycling concept, thanks to their easily destroyed structure in nature. Like this, we call "waste" any substance that has expired by humans and can become harmful to nature. These can be made of many materials such as cardboard, glass, metal, and plastic. Thanks to the reuse of these wastes, We can ensure recycling and prevent it from harming nature as a waste. When asked why recycling is essential, two basic answers emerge in this respect. The first and most important thing is to reduce the amount of garbage thrown into nature, and the second is to save money.
How to Recycle? We have said recycling that the wastes that we can reuse can be reused after various processes. So what are these processes, and how is recycling done? For example, recycling in Turkey is regulated by the Environmental Law and the related regulations, and operations are carried out in recycling facilities. This process can be divided into four steps.
Separate collection at source: Sorting and collecting recyclable waste without mixing with garbage and without contamination. In this way, time is saved, and there is no need to wash wastes suitable for recycling. In this way, water can also be held.
Classification: Classification of the collected materials based on glass, metal, plastic, and paper. In this way, it is ensured that the wastes reach the recycling facilities separately. The wastes sent without classification are separated at the facilities. Evaluation: It is the stage where the wastes are recycled. At this stage, materials undergo chemical and physical changes and become new materials.
Finally, Commercialization: Reuse of new products.